Newham is a relatively new borough, formed in 1965 by merging the former area of the Essex county borough East Ham with the county borough of West Ham, to become part of the newly formed Greater London. North Woolwich also became part of the borough along with a small area west of the River Roding which had previously been part of the Municipal Borough of Barking.
The borough of Newham includes and extends from Stratford, Forest Gate and Manor Park in the north to Canning Town, Royal Docks and Beckton in the south. Heavily built-up and developing areas are balanced by extensive parks and some 80 hectares of Metropolitan Green Belt.
We are the future of the capital – our population is the youngest in the country and this is reflected in the vibrancy and confidence you will find throughout the borough.
For many decades Newham has had a large Indian community and the ethnic group to increase the most in number since 1991 is the Bangladeshi community. While Newham has one of the lowest White British populations in the country (2011 Census) people of White British ancestry nevertheless remain the largest single ethnic group in the borough. The largest non-White British ethnic groups are Indian (14%), African (12%), Bangladeshi (12%) and Pakistani (10%).
The Borough is the education authority for the district providing education in a mix of Foundation, community and voluntary aided schools. The borough also owns and operates Debden House, a residential adult education college in Loughton, Essex, and is home to the Rosetta Art Centre, a dedicated visual art organisation which delivers courses at its base in Stratford and produces participatory art projects, programmes and initiatives. The Essex Primary School in Sheridan Road with over 900 pupils is one of the biggest primary schools in London.
The University of East London (UEL) has two campuses in Newham: the Stratford Campus, at Stratford and the Docklands Campus, next to the regenerated Royal Albert Dock.
Birkbeck Stratford is a collaboration between Birkbeck, University of London and UEL to increase participation in adult learning. This is currently based on the UEL Stratford campus, but is planned to move to its own facilities.
Newham is only three miles from the City, but offers plenty of reasons to visit in its own right. For a taste of the real London, look no further than Green Street - dubbed 'the Bond Street of the East End'. A refreshing break from the chain stores of most high streets, it has over 400 independent shops representing cultures from around the world, selling food, jewellery, designer saris and a myriad of cafes and restaurants serving authentic international cuisine. Nearly ten per cent of the borough is green space, and visitors can take advantage of a range of sports, leisure and activities.
The centre of Newham’s regeneration is The Olympic Park. The park is open 24 hours and is free for all Newham residents: its first full summer in 2013 saw an amazing three million visitors. With extensive parklands, a superb play area, a climbing wall, water features as well as lots of places to relax, eat and take pictures at the iconic venues or the Olympic Rings, it’s a great magnet for attracting visitors to the borough.
All the venues (except for the stadium) are open to the public, and prices are similar to those of a typical leisure centre; incredibly, it’s affordable to swim in the Olympic competition pool, ride a bike on the velodrome or play a game of badminton in the Copper Box.
We have a strong and innovative local economy, served by some of the best transport links in the country and focused on modern low carbon industries including high quality retail and leisure. Transport in Newham is developing at speed. The Docklands Light Railway and Jubilee Line Extension provide links with the rest of London. The Docklands Light Railway was extended to serve London City Airport. Stratford International station links directly to St. Pancras Station.
According to the 2011 census, In March 2011, 23% of all residents aged 16-74 travelled to work by underground, metro, light rail, or tram. 7.6% drove a car or van to work, a further 7.6% travelled by bus, minibus or coach, 7.2% took the train, 7.2% went on foot, 4.1% worked mainly at or from home, and 1.4% commuted by bicycle.
Sport is very important in Newham. We were one of six host boroughs for the 2012 Summer Olympics, and our area houses most of the Olympic Park. We also have a lively football scene. Premier league club West Ham United FC plays its home matches at the London Stadium, and non-league players are well catered for via Clapton FC, which plays at Forest Gate, and Newham FC, which plays in Plaistow. Our athletics club, The Newham and Essex Beagles, is headquartered at the Terence McMillan Stadium, which is part of Newham Leisure Centre in Plaistow. The area also boasts Newham (NASSA) Neptunes, a successful basketball team which plays in the English basketball League. Thomas Mac Curtain’s women’s GAA team trains every week at the East London Rugby Club.